NANOFORART - SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME

There are several tasks for GEMA within the project. First task is to contribute to the assessment of applicability of nanomaterials for consolidation of plaster and stones. In a latter phase of the project, GEMA takes part in the analysis and assessment of the long term behavior of treated artworks: consolidated plaster and stones, cleaned plasters and stones. The final task for GEMA consists in focusing on dissemination of nanomaterials. GEMA assists to build end users network among museums, restoration public and private bodies and other partners. Being one of the end users, GEMA is active in final refinement of technology and training of conservators belonging to private and public bodies on nanotechnology issues.

The main objective of the NANOFORART proposal is the development and experimentation of new nano-materials and responsive systems for the conservation and preservation of movable and immovable artworks.

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While the progress in material science has generated sophisticated nanostructured materials, conservation of cultural heritage is still mainly based on traditional methods and conventional materials that often lack the necessary compatibility with the original artworks and a durable performance in responding to the changes of natural environment and man-made activities.

The main challenge of NANOFORART is the combination of sophisticated functional materials arising from the recent developments in nano-science/technology with innovative techniques in the restoration and preventive conservation of works of art, with unprecedented efficiency.

The research activity is focused on the development of manageable methodologies, based on nanosized structures and with a low environmental impact.

The main tasks include the production of dispersions of nanoparticles, micellar solutions, microemulsions and gels, in order to offer new reliable pathways to restore and preserve works of art by combining the main features and properties of soft and hard-matter systems for cultural heritage conservation and preservation.

In the second part of the project great importance is given to technology transfer to partners that play an important role in the standardization of applicative protocols, in the up-scale and commercialization of technology and in the evaluation of the eco-toxicity of nano-materials.

A fundamental part of the project is also related to the role of end-users. Important museums, such as the National Museum of Anthropology and History of Mexico City and the National Museum of Denmark, will validate the technology and the methods developed in the first part of the project, and provide training activities and dissemination of the developed techniques.